Memory iniHaHves lie at the core of PIC’s programs. As part of its participatory approach, PIC’s memory programs aim to reconstruct local history in ways that engage the community, including former Khmer Rouge cadres, victims, prisoners, witnesses, and the post‐war generation. As noted by Impunity Watch,
“there is a need to ensure that the creation of memory and memorialization engenders a process for constructive society‐building rather than fixed, frozen histories or monuments that may be subjected to manipulation.”


Oral histories form a major component of PIC’s memory iniHaHves. An integral part of these projects is the training of young students in the concepts of history and basic research skills such as interview techniques and writing. More than three years of collected stories from former soldiers, perpetrators, survivors, and local mass killing sites have already been compiled and transcribed in English and Khmer. These offer rich sources of future educational material and research. PIC also distributes selected publications to high school and university libraries, NGO partners, and other peace networking groups.


• Oral Histories ‐ Voices of the Former Khmer Rouge, Rescuers’ Stories, YFP radio program
• Khmer Rouge moHvaHons (with Khmer Legacies and Yale University)
• History of Mass Killing Sites in Cambodia (with Mr. Neou Kassie)

2012 international Memory Initiatives Exchange Forum: Impunity Watch and PIC will host an Internacional Memory IniHaHves Exchange Forum in September 2012 in Phnom Penh with the aim of enhancing dialogue on memorialization processes, best practices, lessons learned and dilemmas.

The five‐day Forum will host approximately 60 participants from multiple countries. Five local researchers, representatives from the partner organisaHons that accompanied the research process, different Cambodian stakeholders, international speakers, interested national international academics and practitioners, plus IW expert staff will gather to validate the comparative research findings. Through exchange between these pracHHoners, researchers and subject‐matter specialists, the Exchange Forum will formulate policy recommendations on memorialization as a strategy for reducing impunity aler violence in different post‐conflict contexts. Constructed around the research findings, the policy recommendaHons will focus on key areas of memorialization, including commonalities, use and misuse, key objectives and the principal dilemmas that obstruct legitimate memorialization practices. To enhance the interactivity of the Exchange Forum, participants will be invited to submit short video clips or photographs of memory iniHaHves in their country, which will be incorporated into the program.